Quick facts
  • AlsoListedIn: Chemists
  • Also Known As: James Sumner, James Batcheller Sumner
  • Famous as: Chemist
  • Born on: 19 November 1887 AD
  • Birthday: 19th November    Famous 19th November Birthdays
  • Died At Age: 67
  • Sun Sign: Scorpio    Scorpio Men
  • Born in: Canton, Massachusetts, USA
  • Died on: 12 August 1955 AD
  • place of death: Buffalo
  • father: Charles Sumner
  • mother: Elizabeth Rand Kelly Sumner
  • siblings: Amie Sumner
  • Spouse:: Cid Ricketts Sumner
  • education: Harvard University 1914-06 - Harvard Medical School
Long facts
  • Childhood Early Life: James B. Sumner was born on November 19, 1887 in Canton, Massachusetts, USA. His ancestors were from Bicester, England who had immigrated to Boston, US in 1636.
  • Childhood Early Life: His father Charles Sumner was a cotton manufacturer and his mother was Elizabeth Rand Kelly Sumner. He had a sister named Amie Sumner.
  • Childhood Early Life: His grandfather owned a farm and a cotton factory while his father owned a large estate.
  • Childhood Early Life: He initially attended the Eliot Grammar School for a few years during his schooldays.
  • Childhood Early Life: Later on he went to the ‘Roxbury Latin School, West Roxbury, Massachusetts’.
  • Childhood Early Life: After graduating from high school he attended the ‘Harvard University’ in 1906 from where he received his bachelor’s degree in chemistry in 1910.
  • Childhood Early Life: He was left one-armed throughout his life after a shooting accident as a teenager.
  • Childhood Early Life: He resigned from the assistantship in chemistry at the ‘Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Mass, in 1912 to study biochemistry under Professor Otto Folin at the ‘Harvard Medical School’.
  • Childhood Early Life: He persisted and got his PhD in chemistry from the ‘Harvard University’ in 1914 even though Professor Otto Folin thought Sumner could not become a successful chemist with one hand.
  • Childhood Early Life: James B. Sumner started working at his uncle’s cotton knitting factory after getting his bachelor’s degree but he soon lost interest in the work.
  • Childhood Early Life: He joined as a teacher of Chemistry and Physiology at the ‘Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada’ where he worked from 1910 to 1911.
  • Childhood Early Life: He did an assistantship in chemistry at the ‘Worcester Polytechnic Institute’ from 1911 to 1912.
  • Childhood Early Life: Sumner was in Switzerland at the outbreak of the First World War when he received an invitation to teach Biochemistry at the ‘Cornell Medical School, Ithaca, NY’. He worked there from 1914 to 1929.
  • Childhood Early Life: During the early stages of his research he was awarded an American-Belgian fellowship in 1921. He decided to go to Brussels and work with Jean Effront who was an authority on enzymes. This plan was unsuccessful as Effront thought that Sumner’s method of i
  • Childhood Early Life: He went back to Ithaca and continued with his research until he was successful in doing so in 1926. Every biochemist who was told of his discovery disbelieved him but Sumner was able to get a full professorship in 1929.
  • Childhood Early Life: In 1937 he succeeded in isolating a second enzyme called ‘Catalase’ in the crystalline form while working at the laboratory in the ‘Cornell Medical School’.
  • Childhood Early Life: Later on he became the Director of the ‘Enzyme Chemistry Laboratory’ in the ‘Cornell University’ and held the post from 1947 to 1955.
  • Childhood Early Life: James B. Sumner published his first book ‘Textbook of Biological Chemistry’ in 1927.
  • Childhood Early Life: In 1943 he published his second book ‘The Chemistry and Methods of Enzymes’ with G. Fred Somers. His second book with Somers was ‘Laboratory Experiments in Biological Chemistry’ which came out in 1944.
  • Childhood Early Life: His fourth book ‘The Enzymes: Chemistry and Mechanism of Action’ with Karl Myrback was published in four volumes in 1951-52.
  • Childhood Early Life: James B. Sumner received the ‘Guggenheim Fellowship’ in 1937 to work at Professor The Svedberg’s laboratory in Uppsala.
  • Childhood Early Life: He was awarded the ‘Scheele Medal’ in 1937.
  • Childhood Early Life: In 1946 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • Childhood Early Life: In 1948 he was given a membership of the ‘National Academy of Sciences, USA’ in 1948.
  • Childhood Early Life: He was also made a Fellow of the ‘American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ in 1949.
  • Childhood Early Life: His first was with Bertha Louise Ricketts, an American novelist, on July 10, 1915 whom he later divorced in 1930. He had four children from this marriage. He had two daughters named Roberta and Prudence.
  • Childhood Early Life: His second wife was Agnes Paulina Lundkvist whom he married in 1931 and also divorced later. He did not have any children from this marriage.
  • Childhood Early Life: His third marriage was with Mary Morrison in 1943 and he had two children from this marriage.
  • Childhood Early Life: James B. Sumner died of cancer on August 12, 1955 at Buffalo, NY, USA.
  • Childhood Early Life: He was fond of hunting and during one of these hunting expeditions he was accidentally shot in the left arm by a companion. He lost his left arm from the elbow downwards which had to be amputated due to the accident when he was 17 years old. He had to lea
  • Career: James B. Sumner started working at his uncle’s cotton knitting factory after getting his bachelor’s degree but he soon lost interest in the work.
  • Career: He joined as a teacher of Chemistry and Physiology at the ‘Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada’ where he worked from 1910 to 1911.
  • Career: He did an assistantship in chemistry at the ‘Worcester Polytechnic Institute’ from 1911 to 1912.
  • Career: Sumner was in Switzerland at the outbreak of the First World War when he received an invitation to teach Biochemistry at the ‘Cornell Medical School, Ithaca, NY’. He worked there from 1914 to 1929.
  • Career: During the early stages of his research he was awarded an American-Belgian fellowship in 1921. He decided to go to Brussels and work with Jean Effront who was an authority on enzymes. This plan was unsuccessful as Effront thought that Sumner’s method of i
  • Career: He went back to Ithaca and continued with his research until he was successful in doing so in 1926. Every biochemist who was told of his discovery disbelieved him but Sumner was able to get a full professorship in 1929.
  • Career: In 1937 he succeeded in isolating a second enzyme called ‘Catalase’ in the crystalline form while working at the laboratory in the ‘Cornell Medical School’.
  • Career: Later on he became the Director of the ‘Enzyme Chemistry Laboratory’ in the ‘Cornell University’ and held the post from 1947 to 1955.
  • Career: James B. Sumner published his first book ‘Textbook of Biological Chemistry’ in 1927.
  • Career: In 1943 he published his second book ‘The Chemistry and Methods of Enzymes’ with G. Fred Somers. His second book with Somers was ‘Laboratory Experiments in Biological Chemistry’ which came out in 1944.
  • Career: His fourth book ‘The Enzymes: Chemistry and Mechanism of Action’ with Karl Myrback was published in four volumes in 1951-52.
  • Career: James B. Sumner received the ‘Guggenheim Fellowship’ in 1937 to work at Professor The Svedberg’s laboratory in Uppsala.
  • Career: He was awarded the ‘Scheele Medal’ in 1937.
  • Career: In 1946 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • Career: In 1948 he was given a membership of the ‘National Academy of Sciences, USA’ in 1948.
  • Career: He was also made a Fellow of the ‘American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ in 1949.
  • Career: His first was with Bertha Louise Ricketts, an American novelist, on July 10, 1915 whom he later divorced in 1930. He had four children from this marriage. He had two daughters named Roberta and Prudence.
  • Career: His second wife was Agnes Paulina Lundkvist whom he married in 1931 and also divorced later. He did not have any children from this marriage.
  • Career: His third marriage was with Mary Morrison in 1943 and he had two children from this marriage.
  • Career: James B. Sumner died of cancer on August 12, 1955 at Buffalo, NY, USA.
  • Career: He was fond of hunting and during one of these hunting expeditions he was accidentally shot in the left arm by a companion. He lost his left arm from the elbow downwards which had to be amputated due to the accident when he was 17 years old. He had to lea
  • Major Works: James B. Sumner published his first book ‘Textbook of Biological Chemistry’ in 1927.
  • Major Works: In 1943 he published his second book ‘The Chemistry and Methods of Enzymes’ with G. Fred Somers. His second book with Somers was ‘Laboratory Experiments in Biological Chemistry’ which came out in 1944.
  • Major Works: His fourth book ‘The Enzymes: Chemistry and Mechanism of Action’ with Karl Myrback was published in four volumes in 1951-52.
  • Major Works: James B. Sumner received the ‘Guggenheim Fellowship’ in 1937 to work at Professor The Svedberg’s laboratory in Uppsala.
  • Major Works: He was awarded the ‘Scheele Medal’ in 1937.
  • Major Works: In 1946 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • Major Works: In 1948 he was given a membership of the ‘National Academy of Sciences, USA’ in 1948.
  • Major Works: He was also made a Fellow of the ‘American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ in 1949.
  • Major Works: His first was with Bertha Louise Ricketts, an American novelist, on July 10, 1915 whom he later divorced in 1930. He had four children from this marriage. He had two daughters named Roberta and Prudence.
  • Major Works: His second wife was Agnes Paulina Lundkvist whom he married in 1931 and also divorced later. He did not have any children from this marriage.
  • Major Works: His third marriage was with Mary Morrison in 1943 and he had two children from this marriage.
  • Major Works: James B. Sumner died of cancer on August 12, 1955 at Buffalo, NY, USA.
  • Major Works: He was fond of hunting and during one of these hunting expeditions he was accidentally shot in the left arm by a companion. He lost his left arm from the elbow downwards which had to be amputated due to the accident when he was 17 years old. He had to lea
  • Awards Achievements: James B. Sumner received the ‘Guggenheim Fellowship’ in 1937 to work at Professor The Svedberg’s laboratory in Uppsala.
  • Awards Achievements: He was awarded the ‘Scheele Medal’ in 1937.
  • Awards Achievements: In 1946 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
  • Awards Achievements: In 1948 he was given a membership of the ‘National Academy of Sciences, USA’ in 1948.
  • Awards Achievements: He was also made a Fellow of the ‘American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ in 1949.
  • Awards Achievements: His first was with Bertha Louise Ricketts, an American novelist, on July 10, 1915 whom he later divorced in 1930. He had four children from this marriage. He had two daughters named Roberta and Prudence.
  • Awards Achievements: His second wife was Agnes Paulina Lundkvist whom he married in 1931 and also divorced later. He did not have any children from this marriage.
  • Awards Achievements: His third marriage was with Mary Morrison in 1943 and he had two children from this marriage.
  • Awards Achievements: James B. Sumner died of cancer on August 12, 1955 at Buffalo, NY, USA.
  • Awards Achievements: He was fond of hunting and during one of these hunting expeditions he was accidentally shot in the left arm by a companion. He lost his left arm from the elbow downwards which had to be amputated due to the accident when he was 17 years old. He had to lea
  • Personal Life Legacy: His first was with Bertha Louise Ricketts, an American novelist, on July 10, 1915 whom he later divorced in 1930. He had four children from this marriage. He had two daughters named Roberta and Prudence.
  • Personal Life Legacy: His second wife was Agnes Paulina Lundkvist whom he married in 1931 and also divorced later. He did not have any children from this marriage.
  • Personal Life Legacy: His third marriage was with Mary Morrison in 1943 and he had two children from this marriage.
  • Personal Life Legacy: James B. Sumner died of cancer on August 12, 1955 at Buffalo, NY, USA.
  • Personal Life Legacy: He was fond of hunting and during one of these hunting expeditions he was accidentally shot in the left arm by a companion. He lost his left arm from the elbow downwards which had to be amputated due to the accident when he was 17 years old. He had to lea
  • Trivia: He was fond of hunting and during one of these hunting expeditions he was accidentally shot in the left arm by a companion. He lost his left arm from the elbow downwards which had to be amputated due to the accident when he was 17 years old. He had to lea